Naturwissenschaften und Technologie in der Kunst; Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien; Schillerplatz 3; 1010 Wien
Research > Projects > Material Analysis > Non-destructive Analysis Print

Pigment Analysis – Moritz M. Daffinger

Daffinger 1  

Based on our experiences from the analysis of the watercolor materials used by Rudolf von Alt we analyzed 16 watercolor paintings by the famous Austrian painter Moritz M. Daffinger (1790 - 1849). The paintings which all show flowers of the Austrian flora were selected from a number of 415 objects from the Graphic Collection of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. All objects were painted in the last decade of the artists´ life. Furthermore, we were able to analyze an original watercolor paint box used by the artist from the Library of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna.

Daffinger 2

The paintings were studied non-destructively by applying reflection-UV/Vis-, reflection-FTIR-, XRF- and µ-XRF-spectroscopy. In this experimental setting we identified Arabic gum and 19 pigments including cobalt blue, Prussian blue, chromium oxide green, barium yellow, zinc yellow, cadmium yellow, chrome yellow, gamboge, Indian yellow, orpiment, red ochre, red lead, cinnabar, cochineal, brown ochre, umber, lead white, zinc white and barium sulfate. The analysis of the paint box by XRF, reflection-FTIR, µ-FTIR and µ-reflection-UV/Vis-spectroscopy revealed that the artist used also ultramarine, indigo, emerald green and cadmium orange. Our results demonstrated that a rich color palette of different blue, green, yellow, red and brown hues was available for Moritz M. Daffinger in the mid of the 19th century. The identification of barium yellow and zinc yellow further showed that the artist was open for the use of new materials, which has been introduced commercially a short time before.

Poster 1
Poster 2